World Suicide Prevention Day on September 10, 2021

Our former EAGP president Carlos Augusto de Mendonça Lima, M.D., MSci., DSci, who chairs the WPA Section of Old Age Psychiatry shared and recommended interesting articles which may contribute to the debate of Suicide Prevention. 

Download the PDFs down low to read


Suicide prevention in older adults (DeMendonca Lima ET AL., 2021)
Suicide prevention in older adults (de M
Adobe Acrobat Document 1.2 MB

‘The dual pandemic’ of suicide and COVID-19: A biopsychosocial narrative of risks and prevention (Banerjee et al., 2021)
The dual pandamic of suicide and COVID-1
Adobe Acrobat Document 701.4 KB
Suicide trends in the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic: an interrupted time-series analysis of preliminary data from 21 countries (Pirkis et al., 2021)
Suicide trends in the early months of th
Adobe Acrobat Document 455.6 KB
World Psychiatry – Official Journal of the WPA, October 2021
World Psychiatry.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 2.1 MB

Read more about Global Suicide Statstics

According to the International Association for Suicide Prevention (


1.     An estimated 703 000 people die by suicide worldwide each year.

2.     Over one in every 100 deaths (1.3%) in 2019 were the result of suicide.

3.     The global suicide rate is over twice as high among men than women.

4.     Over half (58%) of all deaths by suicide occur before the age of 50 years old.  

5.     A previous suicide attempt is the strongest risk factor for death by suicide.

6.     Globally, suicide is the fourth leading cause of death in 15-29-year-olds.

7.     Suicide occurs across all regions in the world, however, over three quarters (77%) of global suicides in 2019 occurred in low- and middle-income countries.

8.     While most deaths by suicide occur in low- and middle-income countries, the highest age-standardised suicide rate (10.9 per 100,000) is within high-income countries. 

9.     Approximately one fifth (20%) of all suicides are the result of pesticide ingestion, particularly in rural agriculture settings. Hanging and firearms are also common methods of suicide.

10.  While the global rate of suicide is showing signs of a decline, this is not the case in all countries and may be indicative of greater surveillance or access to data.   

11.  Experiences of conflict, disaster, violence, abuse, or loss and a sense of isolation are risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour.

12.  Suicide rates are high within vulnerable groups who are subjected to discrimination including refugees, migrants, prisoners, indigenous people, and individuals from the LGBTI community.

13.  An individual suffering with depression is twenty times more likely to die by suicide than someone without the disorder.


14. Suicide remains illegal in over 20 countries, while people who engage in suicidal behaviour may be punished in some
countries that follow Sharia law, involving legal penalties that range from a small fine or short prison sentence to life imprisonment.